When is Nowruz Celebrated: A Journey into the Persian New Year

Nowruz, the vibrant Persian New Year, marks the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Celebrated for millennia across diverse cultures, this ancient festival holds a special place in the hearts of millions worldwide. Join us as we delve into the captivating world of Nowruz, exploring its origins, traditions, symbolism, and global significance.

Traditionally observed on the spring equinox, Nowruz embodies the triumph of light over darkness and the promise of a fresh start. Its rich customs and rituals, such as the Haft-Sin table and the symbolic act of jumping over fire, reflect the festival’s deep-rooted connection to nature and the cyclical nature of time.

When is Nowruz Celebrated

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is celebrated on the day of the vernal equinox, which marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. The exact date and time of Nowruz varies slightly each year due to the Earth’s orbit around the sun.

In the Gregorian calendar, Nowruz typically falls on March 20 or 21. However, in some years, it may occur on March 19 or 22. The following table shows the dates and times of Nowruz for the next five years:

Dates and Times of Nowruz for the Next Five Years

Year Date Time (UTC)
2023 March 20 03:24
2024 March 20 09:54
2025 March 20 16:25
2026 March 21 00:54
2027 March 21 07:24

Historical Origins of Nowruz

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is an ancient festival with roots dating back thousands of years. Its origins can be traced to the Zoroastrian religion, where it was celebrated as the day of creation and the renewal of the world. The festival is also deeply connected to the agricultural cycle, marking the arrival of spring and the start of the planting season.

The exact date of Nowruz is determined by the весеннее равноденствие, the day when the sun crosses the celestial equator and the day and night are of equal length. In the Northern Hemisphere, this usually occurs around March 20 or 21.

Zoroastrian Beliefs

In Zoroastrianism, Nowruz was considered a sacred day associated with the god Ahura Mazda, the creator of the universe. The festival was believed to symbolize the triumph of good over evil and the renewal of the world after a period of darkness and cold.

Agricultural Significance

Nowruz also held great importance for agricultural communities. The arrival of spring marked the start of the planting season, and farmers would celebrate Nowruz with rituals and prayers for a bountiful harvest. The festival was also a time for cleaning and renewal, as people prepared their homes and fields for the new year.

Nowruz Traditions and Customs

Nowruz is a vibrant festival celebrated with an array of traditional customs and rituals that have been passed down through generations. These customs symbolize renewal, prosperity, and the triumph of good over evil.

One of the most iconic traditions is the Haft-Sin table, a spread of seven symbolic items that represent different aspects of life, such as growth, health, and abundance. Other popular customs include jumping over fire, a ritual that purifies and brings good fortune, and visiting family and friends to strengthen bonds and share in the joy of the new year.

Haft-Sin Table

The Haft-Sin table is a centerpiece of Nowruz celebrations. It features seven items that start with the Persian letter “sin”:

  • Sabzeh (sprouts): symbolizing rebirth and renewal
  • Samanu (wheat pudding): symbolizing prosperity and abundance
  • Senjed (dried lotus fruit): symbolizing love and affection
  • Sir (garlic): symbolizing health and protection
  • Sib (apple): symbolizing beauty and fertility
  • Somaq (sumac): symbolizing the color of sunrise and vitality
  • Serkeh (vinegar): symbolizing patience and wisdom

Nowruz Symbolism and Meaning

Nowruz holds profound symbolic meanings that reflect the festival’s essence of renewal and rebirth. The various traditions and customs associated with Nowruz are imbued with rich symbolism that represents the transition from winter’s darkness into spring’s vibrancy.

Haft-Sin Table

The Haft-Sin table is a central element of Nowruz celebrations. It is a symbolic arrangement of seven items (haft-sin) that begin with the Persian letter “sin.” Each item carries a specific meaning:

  • Sabzeh (sprouts): Represents new life and growth.
  • Samanu (wheat pudding): Symbolizes prosperity and abundance.
  • Senjed (dried oleaster fruits): Stands for love and affection.
  • Sir (garlic): Represents protection from evil and illness.
  • Sib (apple): Symbolizes beauty, health, and wisdom.
  • Somaq (sumac): Stands for the color of sunrise and the victory of good over evil.
  • Serkeh (vinegar): Represents patience and wisdom.

The Haft-Sin table is a visual representation of the festival’s themes of renewal, prosperity, and good fortune.

Spring Cleaning Tradition

The tradition of spring cleaning, known as “khaneh-tekani,” holds great significance in Nowruz. It involves a thorough cleaning of homes and workplaces before the festival to symbolize the removal of old and negative energies. The act of cleaning represents a desire for a fresh start and a purified environment to welcome the new year.

Nowruz Celebrations Around the World

When is Nowruz celebrated terbaru

Nowruz is celebrated in many countries across the globe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and parts of Russia, India, and Pakistan. Each culture has adapted and incorporated its own traditions into the celebration.

Regional Adaptations

In Iran, the celebration of Nowruz is deeply rooted in Zoroastrian traditions. The Haft-Seen table, a centerpiece of the celebration, features seven symbolic items that represent different aspects of life and nature. In Afghanistan, Nowruz is known as Nawroz and is celebrated with traditional music, dancing, and kite flying. In Azerbaijan, the holiday is called Novruz and is marked by bonfires, feasts, and the exchange of gifts.

Modern Significance of Nowruz

In the contemporary world, Nowruz continues to hold profound significance, transcending its ancient origins to become a vibrant symbol of cultural diversity, unity, and global understanding.

As a festival that marks the arrival of spring and the renewal of life, Nowruz serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness of humanity and the natural world. Its celebration fosters a sense of community and belonging, bringing people together from all walks of life to share in the joy and optimism of the new year.

Cultural Diversity

Nowruz is a testament to the rich cultural heritage of the diverse communities that celebrate it. From the vibrant Haft-Seen table in Iran to the traditional spring cleaning rituals in Afghanistan, each country and region has its unique traditions and customs associated with the festival. By embracing and sharing these diverse practices, Nowruz promotes cultural exchange and fosters a greater appreciation for the world’s multifaceted tapestry of traditions.


Despite its widespread celebration across different countries and cultures, Nowruz remains a unifying force that transcends borders and divides. It is a time when people come together to celebrate their shared values of renewal, hope, and joy. By fostering a sense of commonality and belonging, Nowruz helps to bridge cultural gaps and promote harmony among diverse communities.

Global Understanding

In an increasingly interconnected world, Nowruz serves as a platform for global understanding and dialogue. Its celebration provides an opportunity for people from different backgrounds to learn about and appreciate each other’s cultures. Through the exchange of traditions, stories, and customs, Nowruz promotes cross-cultural communication and helps to build bridges between nations.

Final Thoughts

When is Nowruz celebrated

In the modern era, Nowruz continues to be a beacon of cultural diversity and unity. Celebrated in over 30 countries, it fosters a sense of global understanding and appreciation for different traditions. As we embrace the spirit of Nowruz, let us reflect on its timeless message of renewal, rebirth, and the enduring power of hope.

FAQ Section

When exactly is Nowruz celebrated?

Nowruz falls on the spring equinox, which occurs on March 20 or 21 in the Northern Hemisphere.

What are the dates of Nowruz for the next five years?

2023: March 20
2024: March 20
2025: March 20
2026: March 20
2027: March 21