The Role of Nature in the Celebration of Nowruz

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the renewal of nature. It is a time for families and friends to come together and enjoy the beauty of the natural world.

Nature plays a central role in Nowruz traditions. The festival is timed to coincide with the spring equinox, when the days and nights are of equal length. This symbolizes the rebirth of nature and the start of a new year.

Origins and History

Nowruz has ancient roots, dating back to the pre-Islamic era in Persia. It is believed to have originated with the Zoroastrian religion, which held nature in high regard. The Zoroastrian calendar was based on the solar year, and Nowruz marked the beginning of spring and the renewal of life.

Zoroastrian Beliefs and Traditions

Zoroastrianism emphasized the importance of the natural world, and many of its rituals and traditions were centered around nature. For example, the Zoroastrian holy book, the Avesta, contains hymns to the sun, moon, and stars. Zoroastrians also believed in the concept of Asha, which represented order, truth, and justice in the universe.

Nature as a Symbol of Renewal

Nature is deeply intertwined with the celebration of Nowruz, symbolizing the renewal and rebirth associated with the new year.

One of the most prominent customs during Nowruz is the Haft-Seen table, which features seven items that represent different aspects of nature. These include wheatgrass, representing new growth; apples, symbolizing health; and coins, signifying prosperity. The Haft-Seen table serves as a reminder of the abundance and fertility that nature brings.

Seasonal Changes

Nowruz coincides with the spring equinox, when day and night are of equal length. This astronomical event marks the beginning of spring and the renewal of the natural world. Many Nowruz traditions celebrate this transition, such as the “jumping over fire” ritual, which symbolizes the purification of sins and the welcoming of new beginnings.

Spring Festivals

Throughout the Nowruz period, communities gather in parks and open spaces to celebrate the arrival of spring. These festivals often feature traditional music, dancing, and games that connect people with the beauty of nature.

Tree Planting

Tree planting is another significant Nowruz tradition that embodies the spirit of renewal. Families and communities plant trees during the holiday to symbolize the hope and growth associated with the new year.

Spring Cleaning

Nowruz is also a time for thorough cleaning, both in homes and public spaces. This ritual signifies the removal of old energies and the preparation for the new. The fresh start and renewed atmosphere created by cleaning reflect the transformative power of nature during this time.

Natural Elements in Nowruz Traditions

The role of nature in Nowruz

Nowruz is closely associated with nature, and several natural elements hold significant symbolism in its traditions. Water, fire, and greenery are particularly important, each representing a specific aspect of the festival’s themes of renewal and rebirth.


Water symbolizes purity and fertility. During Nowruz, people often sprinkle water on each other to cleanse themselves and their surroundings, representing the washing away of impurities and the welcoming of new beginnings. Water is also used to grow sprouts, known as “sabzeh,” which are a symbol of new life and growth.


Fire represents warmth, light, and protection. On the eve of Nowruz, people light bonfires known as “chaharshanbe suri” to symbolize the burning away of negativity and the welcoming of the new year’s light. Fire is also used to cook traditional Nowruz dishes, such as ash-e reshteh, a thick noodle soup that symbolizes abundance and prosperity.


Greenery, particularly in the form of young sprouts and flowers, represents the renewal and rebirth of nature. During Nowruz, people decorate their homes with greenery, set up “haft-seen” tables with seven symbolic items including sprouts, and wear green clothing to celebrate the arrival of spring and the new year’s promise of growth and abundance.

Environmental Awareness and Nowruz

Nowruz traditions promote environmental awareness and sustainability through various practices and beliefs. The festival emphasizes the importance of nature and the interconnectedness between humans and the environment.

Community Cleanup Initiatives

Many communities organize cleanup drives and tree-planting events during Nowruz to beautify their surroundings and raise awareness about environmental conservation. These initiatives encourage people to take responsibility for their environment and foster a sense of collective ownership over public spaces.

Nature’s Influence on Nowruz Celebrations

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The arrival of spring and the astronomical event of the spring equinox, known as the Vernal Equinox, hold great significance for Nowruz celebrations. The exact date of Nowruz varies slightly each year, but it typically falls on or around March 20 or 21 in the Northern Hemisphere.

The spring equinox marks the moment when the Sun crosses the celestial equator, resulting in equal day and night throughout the world. This astronomical event symbolizes the transition from winter to spring, bringing with it new life, growth, and renewal. In many cultures, including those that celebrate Nowruz, the spring equinox is seen as a time of rebirth and rejuvenation.

Natural Phenomena and Nowruz Traditions

The timing of Nowruz is closely tied to natural phenomena, such as the blooming of flowers and the return of migratory birds. In many regions where Nowruz is celebrated, the arrival of spring is marked by the blossoming of almond, apricot, and tulip flowers. These flowers are often incorporated into Nowruz decorations and symbolize the beauty and abundance of the new season.

The return of migratory birds, such as swallows and storks, is another sign of spring’s arrival and is often associated with Nowruz. These birds are believed to bring good luck and prosperity, and their presence is welcomed with joy and anticipation.

Anecdotes and Stories

There are numerous stories and anecdotes that demonstrate the connection between nature and Nowruz celebrations. One popular story tells of the mythical king Jamshid, who is credited with establishing Nowruz as a festival. It is said that Jamshid was so overjoyed by the arrival of spring that he ordered a grand feast to be held in the countryside, where he and his people celebrated the beauty and bounty of the new season.

Another story tells of a young girl named Nowruz who was kidnapped by a wicked sorcerer. The sorcerer kept Nowruz captive in a dark cave, but she managed to escape with the help of a magical bird. Nowruz returned home on the day of the spring equinox, and her return was celebrated as a victory over darkness and evil.

Outcome Summary

Nowruz is a festival that celebrates the beauty and bounty of nature. It is a time to reflect on the importance of the natural world and our place within it.


What is the significance of water in Nowruz?

Water is a symbol of life and purity in Nowruz. It is used in many rituals and customs, such as the Haft Sin table and the sprinkling of rosewater on guests.

What is the significance of fire in Nowruz?

Fire is a symbol of warmth and light in Nowruz. It is used in many rituals and customs, such as the Chaharshanbe Suri bonfire and the lighting of candles on the Haft Sin table.

What is the significance of greenery in Nowruz?

Greenery is a symbol of growth and renewal in Nowruz. It is used in many rituals and customs, such as the Haft Sin table and the planting of trees.