The Role of Nature in Nowruz: A Tapestry of Tradition, Ecology, and Symbolism

Nowruz, the ancient Persian New Year, is a vibrant festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Nature plays an integral role in this joyous occasion, weaving a tapestry of tradition, ecology, and symbolism that has endured for centuries.

From the verdant greenery that adorns homes to the symbolic bonfires that illuminate the night sky, nature is an inseparable part of Nowruz celebrations. This article delves into the profound connection between nature and Nowruz, exploring its cultural significance, ecological importance, social and communal aspects, symbolic representations, and historical evolution.

Cultural Significance of Nature in Nowruz

In the ancient traditions of Nowruz, nature holds a central and profound significance, embodying the festival’s core themes of renewal, rebirth, and the triumph of good over evil.

The festival’s origins lie in the Zoroastrian belief that Ahura Mazda, the creator god, created the world in six days, with each day representing a different aspect of nature. On the seventh day, Ahura Mazda created humans and bestowed upon them the responsibility to protect and care for the natural world.

Natural Elements in Nowruz Celebrations

The connection between nature and Nowruz is reflected in the festival’s many traditions and customs.

  • Haft Sin: The Haft Sin table, a centerpiece of Nowruz celebrations, features seven symbolic items that represent different aspects of nature and the coming year’s hopes and aspirations.
  • Sabzeh: Wheat, lentil, or mung bean sprouts, known as sabzeh, are grown in a dish and symbolize rebirth and the renewal of life.
  • Samanu: A sweet pudding made from wheat germ, samanu represents abundance and fertility.
  • Senjed: The dried fruit of the lotus tree, senjed, symbolizes love and wisdom.
  • Sir: Garlic, known as sir, represents protection from evil spirits and disease.
  • Seeb: Apples, known as seeb, symbolize beauty and health.
  • Somagh: Sumac berries, known as somagh, represent the sourness of life and the need for balance.

These natural elements, incorporated into Nowruz celebrations, serve as reminders of the festival’s ancient roots and the deep connection between humanity and the natural world.

Ecological Importance of Nature in Nowruz

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a celebration that places great emphasis on nature and its preservation. The festival encourages environmental awareness and promotes the protection and conservation of natural resources through various practices.

Sustainable Practices Associated with Nowruz Celebrations

  • Planting trees: Nowruz is often celebrated by planting trees, which helps to combat deforestation and improve air quality.
  • Cleaning up waterways: Many communities organize cleanup drives during Nowruz to remove litter and debris from rivers, lakes, and streams.
  • Reducing waste: Nowruz encourages people to reduce their consumption of disposable items and to recycle and compost as much as possible.

Social and Communal Aspects of Nature in Nowruz

Nature plays a pivotal role in fostering community bonds and social interactions during Nowruz. Outdoor gatherings and nature-based activities contribute significantly to the festival’s communal spirit. Traditional games and customs involving interaction with nature, such as “Ghelich o Gol” (flower tag) and “Sabzeh Goon Bandan” (tying the greenery), encourage physical activity and create opportunities for socializing and laughter.

Nature-Based Gatherings

Nowruz is celebrated with outdoor gatherings in parks, gardens, and other natural settings. These gatherings provide a platform for families, friends, and neighbors to reconnect, exchange greetings, and share festive meals. The presence of nature enhances the convivial atmosphere, creating a sense of tranquility and relaxation.

Traditional Games and Customs

Traditional games and customs involving nature are an integral part of Nowruz celebrations. “Ghelich o Gol” is a playful game where participants chase each other while holding flowers, promoting physical activity and fostering a sense of camaraderie. “Sabzeh Goon Bandan” involves tying ribbons or threads on sprouted greenery, symbolizing wishes and hopes for the coming year. These customs connect participants with nature while strengthening social bonds.

Symbolic Representations of Nature in Nowruz

The role of nature in Nowruz

Nature holds a central place in Nowruz celebrations, not only as a physical presence but also as a potent symbol. The festival’s rituals and traditions are replete with representations of natural elements, each imbued with cultural and spiritual significance.


Water symbolizes purification, renewal, and the life-giving force of nature. During Nowruz, people splash water on each other, a practice believed to cleanse the body and soul. Water is also used to grow sprouts, a symbol of new beginnings and fertility.


Fire represents warmth, light, and protection. On the eve of Nowruz, bonfires are lit to symbolize the triumph of light over darkness. The flames are believed to purify the air and ward off evil spirits.


Greenery, particularly in the form of wheatgrass, is a ubiquitous symbol of Nowruz. It represents growth, abundance, and the renewal of life. Wheatgrass is often grown in homes and public spaces, creating a vibrant and festive atmosphere.

These natural elements, along with others like earth and air, are interwoven into the fabric of Nowruz traditions. They serve as powerful reminders of the interconnectedness between nature and human life, and the importance of respecting and cherishing the natural world.

Historical Evolution of Nature’s Role in Nowruz

The role of nature in Nowruz

Throughout history, nature has been an integral part of Nowruz celebrations. Its significance has evolved over time, reflecting environmental changes and cultural influences. Despite these shifts, nature has remained a central element of the festival.

In ancient times, Nowruz marked the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. People celebrated by gathering in nature, offering prayers, and participating in rituals that honored the natural world. As civilizations developed, the festival incorporated elements from different cultures, including Zoroastrianism and Islam. However, the connection to nature remained a constant.

Environmental Influences

Environmental changes have also influenced the role of nature in Nowruz. In regions where the climate has become drier, the festival’s focus on water has become more pronounced. In areas where urbanization has encroached on natural landscapes, Nowruz has become a time for people to reconnect with the environment.

Cultural Influences

Cultural influences have also shaped the way nature is celebrated during Nowruz. In some cultures, the festival is associated with specific plants and animals. For example, in Iran, the Haft-Seen table includes seven symbolic items that represent different aspects of nature. In Afghanistan, people celebrate Nowruz by flying kites, which are believed to symbolize the arrival of spring.

Nature’s Enduring Presence

Despite the changes it has undergone over time, nature has remained a central element of Nowruz. The festival continues to be a time for people to celebrate the beauty and bounty of the natural world. It is a reminder of the importance of protecting and preserving the environment for future generations.


In conclusion, nature is not merely a backdrop for Nowruz; it is an intrinsic part of its essence. The festival serves as a reminder of the deep interconnectedness between humans and the natural world, inspiring us to cherish and protect our planet for generations to come.


What is the significance of water in Nowruz symbolism?

Water represents purity, renewal, and life. During Nowruz, people sprinkle water on each other and wash their hands and faces to symbolize cleansing and purification.

How does Nowruz promote environmental awareness?

Nowruz encourages sustainable practices such as tree planting, water conservation, and waste reduction. It reminds people of the importance of protecting the natural resources that sustain life.

What are some traditional Nowruz games that involve interaction with nature?

Traditional Nowruz games often take place outdoors and involve elements of nature, such as jumping over bonfires (Chaharshanbe Suri) and playing with water (Sizdah Bedar).