How to Celebrate Nowruz at Home: A Guide to Traditions and Customs

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a vibrant and ancient festival that marks the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Celebrated for centuries, Nowruz holds deep cultural and historical significance for millions worldwide. Whether you’re a seasoned celebrant or a curious newcomer, this guide will provide you with everything you need to know about celebrating Nowruz at home, from traditional customs to modern interpretations.

As we prepare for the arrival of spring, let’s delve into the rich tapestry of Nowruz traditions, exploring the rituals, decorations, and delectable dishes that make this festival so special. Together, we’ll create a home filled with the spirit of Nowruz, honoring its ancient roots while embracing its contemporary relevance.

Overview of Nowruz

Nowruz, also known as the Persian New Year, is an ancient festival celebrated by millions of people around the world, primarily in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and other regions with Persian cultural influences. It marks the beginning of spring and the renewal of nature.

The origins of Nowruz date back to ancient Persia, with its roots in the Zoroastrian religion. The festival has been celebrated for over 3,000 years, making it one of the oldest surviving festivals in the world.

Significance of Nowruz

Nowruz is a time for celebration, renewal, and introspection. It is a time to reflect on the past year and to set intentions for the year ahead. The festival is also a time to come together with family and friends, to share food and gifts, and to enjoy the beauty of spring.

Preparations for Nowruz

How to Celebrate Nowruz at Home: A Guide to Traditions and Customs

Nowruz preparations begin several weeks before the actual day. Traditional customs and rituals associated with preparing for Nowruz include:

  • Khana Tekani (Housecleaning): A thorough cleaning of the house is done to symbolize the removal of bad luck and the welcoming of new beginnings.
  • Sabzeh (Growing Greens): Wheat, lentil, or mung bean sprouts are grown in a dish, symbolizing rebirth and fertility.
  • Haft Sin (Seven S’s): A table is set with seven items that start with the Persian letter “S,” representing different aspects of life and abundance.
  • Shopping for New Clothes: It is customary to buy new clothes for Nowruz, symbolizing a fresh start.

In addition to these rituals, households are also decorated with colorful decorations such as flowers, candles, and lanterns. The Haft Sin table is a centerpiece of the Nowruz decorations, and its items are carefully arranged to represent the seven principles of Zoroastrianism: wisdom, love, prosperity, health, happiness, fertility, and beauty.

Celebrating Nowruz at Home

How to celebrate Nowruz at home terbaru

Nowruz celebrations at home revolve around family gatherings, traditional foods, and entertainment that symbolize renewal and prosperity.

Family Gatherings

Families play a central role in Nowruz celebrations. During this time, family members come together from near and far to spend quality time, exchange gifts, and share festive meals.

Special Foods

Nowruz is marked by a variety of special foods that carry symbolic meanings. These include:

  • Sabzi Polo Mahi: A traditional Persian dish featuring herbed rice, fish, and fresh herbs, representing abundance and prosperity.
  • Kuku Sabzi: An herb omelet made with fresh herbs and vegetables, symbolizing fertility and new beginnings.
  • Sweets: Baklava, pashmak, and other sweet treats are enjoyed as symbols of sweetness and joy.


Nowruz is also a time for entertainment and festivities. Common activities include:

  • Music and Dance: Traditional Persian music and dance performances add joy and energy to the celebrations.
  • Fireworks: Fireworks and bonfires are lit to symbolize the victory of light over darkness.
  • Spring Cleaning: Homes are thoroughly cleaned before Nowruz to symbolize purification and renewal.

Traditional Foods of Nowruz


The traditional foods of Nowruz hold immense cultural significance, representing prosperity, fertility, and new beginnings. These dishes are prepared with great care and symbolize the hope and renewal associated with the spring equinox.

One of the most iconic dishes of Nowruz is Sabzi Polo Mahi, a flavorful rice dish cooked with fresh herbs, fish, and a tangy pomegranate sauce. Another popular dish is Reshteh Polo, a comforting noodle-based dish served with chicken or lamb.

Nowruz Sweets

No Nowruz celebration is complete without an assortment of delectable sweets. One of the most beloved is Shirini-ye Narenj, a fragrant orange blossom pastry filled with nuts and spices. Another popular treat is Sekkeh, a coin-shaped cookie often decorated with pistachios.

Nowruz Cookies

Cookies are also an integral part of Nowruz festivities. Nan-e Berenji, a traditional rice cookie, is often prepared in the shape of animals or flowers. Naan-e Nokhodchi, a chickpea cookie, is another popular choice, known for its nutty flavor.

Haft-Seen Table

The Haft-Seen table is a central element of Nowruz celebrations. It is a symbolic display of seven essential items that represent renewal, prosperity, and good fortune.

The seven items on the Haft-Seen table are:

Sabzeh (Wheatgrass)

Sabzeh represents new life and growth. It is grown from wheat or barley seeds that are planted in a dish and watered daily until they sprout.

Samanu (Sweet Wheat Pudding)

Samanu is a sweet pudding made from wheat germ. It represents wealth and abundance.

Senjed (Dried Lotus Berries)

Senjed represents love and wisdom. They are dried berries that are often used in traditional Persian medicine.

Serkeh (Vinegar)

Serkeh represents patience and resilience. It is a symbol of the sour experiences that can lead to growth and transformation.

Seeb (Apples)

Seeb represents health and beauty. They are often used in Persian cuisine and are believed to have medicinal properties.

Somagh (Sumac)

Somagh represents the color of sunrise and is a symbol of good fortune. It is a spice that is used in Persian cooking.

Sonbol (Hyacinth)

Sonbol represents spring and the arrival of the new year. It is a fragrant flower that is often used to decorate homes and gardens.

Decorations and Symbolism

Nowruz is a time of renewal and rebirth, and this is reflected in the traditional decorations used to adorn homes and public spaces. These decorations often feature natural elements, such as flowers, plants, and fruits, which symbolize the coming of spring and the promise of new life.

One of the most important decorations for Nowruz is the haft-seen table. This table is set with seven items that represent different aspects of life, such as health, wealth, and love. The items on the table are carefully chosen and arranged, and they are often accompanied by a mirror and a bowl of water.

Floral Arrangements

Flowers are a ubiquitous symbol of Nowruz, representing the beauty and joy of the season. Hyacinths, tulips, and narcissus are among the most popular choices for Nowruz decorations, and they are often arranged in colorful bouquets or centerpieces.


Sabzeh is a dish of sprouted wheat, barley, or lentils that is grown in a shallow dish. It symbolizes growth and renewal, and it is often placed on the haft-seen table or used as a decoration in homes and businesses.


Eggs are another important symbol of Nowruz, representing fertility and new beginnings. They are often painted or decorated and placed on the haft-seen table or used as decorations in homes and public spaces.


Mirrors are used in Nowruz decorations to reflect the light and bring good luck. They are often placed on the haft-seen table or used as decorations in homes and businesses.


Water is a symbol of purity and life, and it is often used in Nowruz decorations. A bowl of water is often placed on the haft-seen table, and it is also used to wash the hands and face before the Nowruz meal.

Spring Cleaning and Renewal

Nowruz signifies the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. As part of the preparations, it is customary to engage in thorough spring cleaning and renewal of one’s home and surroundings. This tradition symbolizes the sweeping away of the old and the welcoming of the new.

Here are some tips and suggestions for decluttering and refreshing your home for Nowruz:


  • Start by sorting items into three categories: keep, donate, and discard.
  • Be ruthless in discarding anything you no longer need or use.
  • Consider donating gently used items to charities or organizations in need.

Deep Cleaning

  • Pay attention to often-neglected areas such as windows, baseboards, and light fixtures.
  • Use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter to remove dust and allergens.
  • Wash bedding, curtains, and other fabrics to eliminate dust and mites.


  • Open windows and doors to air out your home and let in fresh air.
  • Add plants to bring life and freshness to your space.
  • Change up your decor with new throw pillows, blankets, or artwork.

Nowruz in Different Cultures

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a celebration of the spring equinox that has been observed for centuries by people of different cultures around the world. While the core traditions of Nowruz remain the same, there are some variations in how it is celebrated in different countries and cultures.

In Iran, where Nowruz originated, the festival is celebrated for 13 days. The first day of Nowruz is the day of the spring equinox, and it is considered a national holiday. People typically spend the day visiting family and friends, exchanging gifts, and enjoying traditional Nowruz foods.

In Afghanistan, Nowruz is also a major holiday. It is celebrated for two weeks, and people typically spend the time visiting family and friends, playing games, and enjoying traditional Nowruz foods.

In Turkey, Nowruz is known as Nevruz. It is celebrated for three days, and people typically spend the time visiting family and friends, exchanging gifts, and enjoying traditional Nevruz foods.

In Central Asia, Nowruz is known as Nauryz. It is celebrated for two days, and people typically spend the time visiting family and friends, playing games, and enjoying traditional Nauryz foods.

Despite the variations in how it is celebrated, Nowruz is a festival that is shared by many different cultures around the world. It is a time to celebrate the arrival of spring, the renewal of life, and the hope for a new year.

Similarities and Variations in Nowruz Traditions

While there are some variations in how Nowruz is celebrated in different cultures, there are also many similarities. Some of the most common similarities include:

  • The Haft-Seen table: This is a table that is set with seven items that symbolize the seven creations of God. The Haft-Seen table is a common feature of Nowruz celebrations in all cultures.
  • Spring cleaning: This is a tradition that is observed before Nowruz in many cultures. People clean their homes and businesses to prepare for the new year.
  • Exchanging gifts: This is a common way to celebrate Nowruz in many cultures. People exchange gifts with family and friends to show their love and appreciation.
  • Eating traditional foods: There are many traditional Nowruz foods that are enjoyed in different cultures. Some of the most common foods include sabzi polo (herb rice), kuku sabzi (herb frittata), and reshteh polo (noodle rice).

Modern Interpretations of Nowruz

Nowruz has evolved and adapted in modern times to reflect the changing lifestyles and values of contemporary society. While the core traditions and rituals remain, many people have found creative ways to celebrate Nowruz while preserving its cultural significance.

One notable modern interpretation is the increased emphasis on environmental awareness and sustainability. Many people now choose to celebrate Nowruz by planting trees, cleaning up parks, and recycling waste. This reflects the growing recognition of the importance of protecting the environment for future generations.

Contemporary Ways to Celebrate Nowruz

  • Virtual Gatherings: With the advent of video conferencing, people can now connect with loved ones far and wide to celebrate Nowruz virtually. This allows for a sense of community and shared celebration, even when physical distance prevents in-person gatherings.
  • Artistic Expressions: Many contemporary artists have found inspiration in Nowruz and its symbolism. They create paintings, sculptures, and other artworks that reflect the themes of renewal, rebirth, and hope associated with the festival.
  • Culinary Innovations: Modern interpretations of Nowruz cuisine have emerged, blending traditional flavors with contemporary culinary techniques. Chefs experiment with new ingredients and presentations, while still honoring the symbolic significance of Nowruz dishes.
  • Educational Initiatives: In recent years, there has been a growing focus on educating the younger generation about Nowruz. Schools and cultural organizations offer workshops, lectures, and other programs to teach children about the history, traditions, and symbolism of the festival.


Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a time for celebration, renewal, and joy. By celebrating Nowruz at home, you can connect with your cultural heritage, create lasting memories, and welcome the new year with a sense of hope and optimism.

The key highlights of this article include the importance of spring cleaning, the symbolism of the Haft-Seen table, and the traditional foods that are enjoyed during Nowruz. We also discussed the different ways that Nowruz is celebrated in different cultures and the modern interpretations of this ancient festival.

Celebrating Nowruz at home is a wonderful way to honor your traditions and to share the joy of this special time with your family and friends. We hope that this article has given you some ideas for how to make your own Nowruz celebration a memorable one.


As we bid farewell to winter and welcome the vibrant hues of spring, may the celebration of Nowruz bring joy, renewal, and prosperity to your home. Remember, Nowruz is more than just a festival; it’s a testament to the enduring power of tradition and the beauty of cultural heritage. Embrace its customs, savor its flavors, and share its spirit with loved ones near and far. Nowruz Mubarak!

Questions and Answers

What is the significance of the Haft-Seen table?

The Haft-Seen table is a central part of Nowruz celebrations, symbolizing renewal, prosperity, and abundance. The seven essential items on the table represent different aspects of life, such as growth, health, and wisdom.

What are some popular Nowruz dishes?

Traditional Nowruz dishes include Sabzi Polo Mahi (herbed rice with fish), kuku sabzi (herb frittata), and reshteh polo (noodle pilaf). These dishes are often served with fresh herbs, nuts, and dried fruits.

How can I decorate my home for Nowruz?

Traditional Nowruz decorations include colorful flowers, candles, and Haft-Seen table arrangements. You can also use spring-themed decorations, such as greenery, blossoms, and birds.

What are some modern ways to celebrate Nowruz?

While Nowruz traditions remain strong, there are many modern ways to celebrate. You can host virtual gatherings, share digital greetings, or create contemporary art and music inspired by Nowruz themes.