How to Celebrate Nowruz at Home: A Guide to Persian New Year Traditions

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a time for celebration, renewal, and joy. Celebrated on the first day of spring, Nowruz marks the beginning of a new year and is a time for families and friends to come together and share in the festivities. While Nowruz is typically celebrated with large gatherings and feasts, it is still possible to enjoy the holiday at home with your loved ones.

In this guide, we will provide you with everything you need to know to celebrate Nowruz at home, from setting the stage for a festive atmosphere to cooking traditional Nowruz dishes. We will also share tips on how to engage in Nowruz traditions and games, and how to observe Nowruz customs and rituals.

Setting the Stage for a Festive Atmosphere

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a joyous celebration that marks the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Originating in ancient Persia over 3,000 years ago, it is a time for families and communities to come together, reflect on the past year, and welcome the blessings of the new year.

To create a festive atmosphere for Nowruz at home, begin by decorating your living spaces with traditional elements. Set up a “Haft-Seen” table, a symbolic display featuring seven items that represent different aspects of life, such as growth (sprouts), prosperity (coins), and health (apples).


  • Hang colorful banners and lanterns with intricate designs.
  • Display fresh flowers, especially hyacinths and tulips, which symbolize the arrival of spring.
  • Place mirrors around the house to reflect light and create a sense of abundance.


Enhance the ambiance with traditional Persian music, which often features lively rhythms and enchanting melodies. Light scented candles or incense to fill the air with the aromatic scents of saffron, rosewater, and cardamom, evoking the spirit of Nowruz.

Preparing the Haft-Sin Table

The Haft-Sin table, a central element of Nowruz celebrations, holds deep symbolic significance. The seven items on the table represent the seven creations of the universe and bring blessings of prosperity, health, and happiness for the new year.

Arranging the Table

Arrange the Haft-Sin table in a specific order, with each item placed in its designated spot:

– Sabzeh (sprouted wheat, barley, or lentil seeds): Symbolizes rebirth and new beginnings, placed in the center.
– Samanu (wheat pudding): Represents prosperity and abundance, placed on the right side of Sabzeh.
– Senjed (dried lotus berries): Symbolizes love and wisdom, placed on the left side of Sabzeh.
– Sir (garlic): Represents health and protection from evil, placed next to Senjed.
– Seeb (apples): Represents beauty and vitality, placed next to Sir.
– Somaq (sumac): Symbolizes the sunrise and the arrival of spring, placed next to Seeb.
– Serkeh (vinegar): Represents patience and wisdom, placed next to Somaq.

Sourcing and Preparation

– Sprouted seeds: Soak wheat, barley, or lentil seeds overnight, then drain and spread on a damp cloth. Keep in a warm, dark place until sprouts emerge.
– Samanu: Prepare a sweet pudding from wheat flour, water, and butter.
– Senjed: Purchase dried lotus berries or make your own by sun-drying fresh berries.
– Sir: Use fresh, whole garlic cloves.
– Seeb: Select red apples for their symbolic meaning.
– Somaq: Grind dried sumac berries into a fine powder.
– Serkeh: Use natural vinegar made from apples or grapes.

Cooking Traditional Nowruz Dishes

During Nowruz, sharing a special meal with loved ones holds immense significance. The culinary traditions associated with this festival have been passed down through generations, each dish carrying symbolic meanings and representing the renewal and abundance of the spring season.

Here are recipes for some classic Nowruz dishes that you can prepare at home, along with vegetarian and vegan alternatives:

Sabzi Polo Mahi

Sabzi Polo Mahi is a traditional Persian dish featuring fragrant herbed rice served with fish. The rice is cooked with a mixture of fresh herbs, including parsley, cilantro, dill, and chives, giving it a vibrant green color and aromatic flavor. The fish is typically grilled or fried and served alongside the rice.

  • Ingredients for Sabzi Polo:
  • 2 cups Basmati rice
  • 1 cup chopped fresh herbs (parsley, cilantro, dill, chives)
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • Ingredients for Mahi:
  • 1 pound fish fillets (such as salmon, trout, or whitefish)
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 lemon, juiced
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Kuku Sabzi

Kuku Sabzi is a savory herb frittata made with a combination of fresh herbs, eggs, and walnuts. It is often served as an appetizer or as part of the Haft-Sin table. The herbs used in Kuku Sabzi vary depending on the region, but typically include parsley, cilantro, dill, and chives.

  • Ingredients:
  • 1 pound fresh herbs (parsley, cilantro, dill, chives)
  • 6 eggs
  • 1 cup chopped walnuts
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Reshteh Polo

Reshteh Polo is a traditional Persian noodle dish made with rice, noodles, and a variety of vegetables. The noodles are typically made from wheat flour and are cooked separately before being added to the rice. Reshteh Polo is often served with a yogurt sauce or a meat stew.

  • Ingredients:
  • 2 cups Basmati rice
  • 1 pound Reshteh noodles
  • 1 cup chopped vegetables (such as carrots, celery, onions)
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Vegetarian and Vegan Alternatives:

  • For a vegetarian version of Sabzi Polo, omit the fish and serve with a side of yogurt sauce.
  • For a vegan version of Kuku Sabzi, replace the eggs with a flax egg (1 tablespoon ground flaxseed + 3 tablespoons water) and use olive oil instead of butter.
  • For a vegan version of Reshteh Polo, use vegetable broth instead of meat broth and omit the meat stew.

Engaging in Nowruz Traditions and Games

The festivities of Nowruz extend beyond the preparation of the Haft-Sin table and traditional dishes. Engaging in age-old traditions and games is an integral part of the celebration, fostering a sense of community and cultural preservation.

Chaharshanbe Suri

Chaharshanbe Suri, literally meaning “Red Wednesday,” is a pre-Nowruz ritual observed on the last Wednesday before the new year. It symbolizes the purification and renewal of the spirit.

The highlight of Chaharshanbe Suri is the fire-jumping ceremony. Families gather around bonfires, and individuals take turns jumping over the flames, chanting “My yellowness to you, your redness to me,” a symbolic exchange of ill fortune for prosperity.

Traditional Nowruz Games

Nowruz is also a time for playful activities and games.

Haft Seen

Haft Seen is a guessing game played using objects from the Haft-Sin table. One person covers the objects with a cloth and describes them in riddles. The others try to guess which object is being described.


Jowdar is a game of strength and skill. Two teams pull on opposite ends of a rope tied to a heavy object, such as a sack filled with sand. The team that pulls the object to their side wins.

Virtual Nowruz Celebrations

In recent years, virtual platforms have enabled people to celebrate Nowruz together even when physically separated.

To organize a virtual Nowruz celebration, consider using video conferencing tools to connect with friends and family. Set up a virtual Haft-Sin table, share traditional dishes, and engage in online games and activities that reflect the spirit of Nowruz.

Observing Nowruz Customs and Rituals

Nowruz is a time for strengthening familial bonds and fostering community spirit. Visiting family and friends is an essential part of the celebration, as it provides an opportunity to exchange well wishes, share gifts, and enjoy each other’s company.

When visiting loved ones, it is customary to bring small gifts, such as sweets, flowers, or traditional Nowruz items. These gestures symbolize good fortune and prosperity for the coming year. Exchanging well wishes is also an important part of the tradition. Common phrases include “Nowruz Mobarak” (Happy Nowruz) and “Saal-e No Mobarak” (Happy New Year).

Nowruz Prayers and Rituals

Nowruz is also a time for spiritual reflection and renewal. Many people observe Nowruz prayers and rituals to seek blessings for the coming year. These rituals may vary depending on cultural and regional traditions, but they often involve elements such as fire, water, and greenery.

For example, in some traditions, a bonfire is lit on the eve of Nowruz to symbolize the purification of the past and the beginning of a new year. Water is also considered a symbol of purity and renewal, and it is often used in Nowruz rituals to wash away negative energies and bring good luck.

Greenery, particularly sprouted wheat or lentils, is another important symbol of Nowruz. These plants represent growth, fertility, and new beginnings. They are often displayed on the Haft-Sin table or used to decorate homes and public spaces during the celebration.

Creating a Virtual Nowruz Experience

How to celebrate Nowruz at home terbaru

For those unable to gather in person, celebrating Nowruz virtually offers numerous benefits. It enables individuals to connect with loved ones from afar, share cultural traditions, and create a festive atmosphere despite physical distance.

To set up a virtual Nowruz celebration, consider utilizing video conferencing platforms like Zoom or Google Meet. Create a dedicated video call for the occasion and encourage participants to dress in traditional Nowruz attire or set up a virtual Haft-Sin table in the background.

Virtual Haft-Sin Table

To create a virtual Haft-Sin table, participants can display their own Haft-Sin items on camera or use a shared online platform like Padlet or Miro. Encourage participants to share the significance and symbolism of each item, fostering cultural exchange and education.

Online Nowruz Games

Engage in online Nowruz games such as virtual egg tapping (tokme-ye-khodha) or dice rolling (gam-e-takht) using online game platforms like Tabletopia or Roll20. These games add a touch of fun and tradition to the virtual celebration.

Closing Summary

How to celebrate Nowruz at home

Nowruz is a time for celebration, joy, and renewal. By following the tips in this guide, you can create a meaningful and memorable Nowruz celebration at home. We hope that you have a wonderful Nowruz filled with happiness, prosperity, and good fortune.

FAQ Summary

What is the significance of the Haft-Sin table?

The Haft-Sin table is a traditional Nowruz centerpiece that symbolizes the seven essential elements of life: health, happiness, prosperity, beauty, fertility, growth, and wisdom.

What are some traditional Nowruz dishes?

Some traditional Nowruz dishes include Sabzi Polo Mahi (herbed rice with fish), Kuku Sabzi (herb frittata), and Reshteh Polo (noodle pilaf).

What are some Nowruz traditions and games?

Some Nowruz traditions and games include Chaharshanbe Suri (fire-jumping ritual), Haft Seen (a game where players try to find seven objects that start with the letter “s”), and Jowdar (a game similar to tug-of-war).

What are some Nowruz customs and rituals?

Some Nowruz customs and rituals include visiting family and friends, exchanging gifts, and expressing well wishes. Nowruz is also a time for prayer and reflection.