How to Celebrate Nowruz at Home: A Guide to Persian New Year Traditions

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a vibrant festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Celebrated for over 3,000 years, Nowruz is a time for families and communities to come together, reflect on the past year, and welcome the new year with joy and optimism.

If you’re looking to celebrate Nowruz at home, there are many ways to embrace the traditions and customs of this ancient festival. From decorating your home with colorful Haft Sin displays to preparing traditional dishes like Sabzi Polo Mahi, there are countless ways to make your Nowruz celebration special.

Cultural Traditions and Rituals

Nowruz is a celebration steeped in ancient traditions and rituals, each imbued with profound significance and symbolism. These practices serve as the bedrock of the festival, fostering a sense of community, renewal, and connection to the natural world.

The rituals associated with Nowruz are deeply rooted in the Zoroastrian faith, which reveres the elements of nature and the concept of duality. The festival’s central theme revolves around the triumph of good over evil, symbolized by the arrival of spring and the departure of winter.

Spring Cleaning

In preparation for Nowruz, homes undergo a thorough spring cleaning, known as “khaneh tekani.” This ritual signifies the removal of negativity and the welcoming of new beginnings. Every nook and cranny is meticulously cleaned, creating a fresh and inviting space for the festivities.

Setting the Haft-Seen Table

The Haft-Seen table is a central element of Nowruz celebrations. It is adorned with seven symbolic items that begin with the Persian letter “Seen”:

– Sabzeh (sprouts): representing rebirth and renewal
– Samanu (wheat pudding): symbolizing prosperity and abundance
– Senjed (dried lotus berries): representing love and fertility
– Seeb (apples): symbolizing health and beauty
– Seer (garlic): representing protection from evil
– Serkeh (vinegar): representing patience and wisdom
– Somagh (sumac): representing the sunrise and the victory of good over evil

Chaharshanbe Suri

The eve of Nowruz is celebrated with Chaharshanbe Suri, a festival of fire and purification. Bonfires are lit in the streets, and people jump over them to ward off evil spirits and bring good fortune.

Sizdah Bedar

On the thirteenth day of Nowruz, families gather outdoors for Sizdah Bedar, meaning “thirteen outside.” This tradition symbolizes the end of the festival and the return to everyday life. People spend the day picnicking, playing games, and tying knots on grass to represent wishes and prayers.

These cultural traditions and rituals collectively create a vibrant and meaningful celebration that honors the ancient heritage of Nowruz. They serve as a reminder of the enduring power of renewal, the triumph of good over evil, and the importance of community and connection.

Home Decorations and Symbolism

How to celebrate Nowruz at home

Nowruz home decorations are a vibrant and meaningful way to celebrate the arrival of spring. Each decoration holds a specific symbolism, representing the hope, renewal, and prosperity associated with the new year.

Seven Symbols of Nowruz (Haft Sin)

The most iconic Nowruz decoration is the Haft Sin, a table setting that includes seven specific items, each beginning with the Persian letter “sin.” These items symbolize:

  • Sabzeh (Wheatgrass): Rebirth and renewal
  • Samanu (Wheat Pudding): Abundance and prosperity
  • Senjed (Oleaster Fruit): Love and affection
  • Sir (Garlic): Health and protection
  • Sib (Apple): Beauty and wisdom
  • Somaq (Sumac): Sunrise and new beginnings
  • Serkeh (Vinegar): Patience and acceptance

Other Decorations

In addition to the Haft Sin, other traditional Nowruz decorations include:

  • Spring Flowers: Tulips, hyacinths, and daffodils symbolize the arrival of spring and new life.
  • Mirrors: Represent light and reflection, encouraging self-awareness and introspection.
  • Candles: Symbolize warmth, light, and the triumph of good over evil.
  • Colored Eggs: Represent fertility and the renewal of life.

Creating Your Own Decorations

To create your own Nowruz home decorations, consider incorporating the traditional symbols and colors associated with the holiday. Use natural elements like wheatgrass, flowers, and fruits, and experiment with different ways to display them. You can also create your own Haft Sin table setting or design unique decorations that reflect your personal style and celebrate the spirit of Nowruz.

Food and Cuisine

Nowruz celebrations are incomplete without an array of traditional dishes that carry cultural and symbolic significance. These dishes represent abundance, fertility, and the renewal of life.

One of the most iconic Nowruz dishes is Sabzi Polo Mahi, a fragrant herb rice served with Caspian Sea whitefish. The herbs used in the rice, such as cilantro, parsley, and chives, symbolize renewal and prosperity. The fish represents life and abundance, and its placement on top of the rice signifies the hope for a bountiful year ahead.

Sweet Delicacies

  • Reshteh Khoresh: A sweet-and-sour stew made with noodles, chickpeas, and dried fruits, symbolizing abundance and prosperity.
  • Baqlava: A flaky pastry filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with honey or syrup, representing sweetness and joy.
  • Sholeh Zard: A saffron-infused rice pudding topped with pistachios and almonds, symbolizing prosperity and happiness.

Activities and Games

How to celebrate Nowruz at home terbaru

Nowruz is a time for celebration and joy, and there are many traditional activities and games that are played during this time. These activities can be enjoyed by people of all ages, and they are a great way to connect with family and friends.

One of the most popular Nowruz games is chaharshanbe suri, which is played on the last Tuesday before Nowruz. On this day, people gather around bonfires and jump over them, singing and dancing. This ritual is said to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits.

Another popular game is haft sin, which is played on the first day of Nowruz. This game involves setting up a table with seven symbolic items, each of which represents a different aspect of life. The seven items are:

  • Sabzeh (wheat or lentil sprouts): representing rebirth and new beginnings
  • Samanu (wheat pudding): representing prosperity and abundance
  • Senjed (jujube fruit): representing love and fertility
  • Serkeh (vinegar): representing patience and wisdom
  • Seeb (apple): representing beauty and health
  • Sonbol (hyacinth): representing spring and renewal
  • سیر (garlic): representing protection from evil

People take turns throwing dice and moving their pieces around the table, and the first person to reach the end wins. Haft sin is a fun and challenging game, and it is a great way to learn about the symbolism of Nowruz.

There are many other traditional Nowruz games, such as toop-malk (a type of tug-of-war), kamancheh-navazi (playing the kamancheh, a traditional Iranian stringed instrument), and sehtar-navazi (playing the sehtar, another traditional Iranian stringed instrument). These games are all a lot of fun, and they are a great way to celebrate the arrival of spring.

Here are some ideas for adapting these activities and games for home celebrations:

  • Chaharshanbe suri: If you don’t have a bonfire, you can light a candle and jump over it instead.
  • Haft sin: You can set up a smaller version of the haft sin table with just a few of the symbolic items.
  • Toop-malk: You can use a rope or a long piece of fabric for this game.
  • Kamancheh-navazi and sehtar-navazi: If you don’t have a kamancheh or a sehtar, you can use a guitar or another stringed instrument.

No matter how you choose to celebrate Nowruz, be sure to have fun and enjoy the time with your loved ones.

Family and Community Gatherings

Nowruz is a time for family and community. It is a time to come together and celebrate the new year, to share food and laughter, and to reflect on the past and look forward to the future.

There are many ways to celebrate Nowruz with family and community. One popular way is to host a Nowruz gathering at home. Here are some ideas for hosting a Nowruz gathering at home:


  • Decorate your home with traditional Nowruz decorations, such as Haft Sin, Haft Mewa, and colorful eggs.
  • Set up a table with traditional Nowruz foods, such as sabzi polo mahi, kuku sabzi, and baklava.
  • Play traditional Nowruz music in the background.


  • Invite your friends and family to join you for a traditional Nowruz meal.
  • Play traditional Nowruz games, such as jumping over the fire and cracking eggs.
  • Tell stories about Nowruz and its traditions.

Here are some tips for creating a welcoming and festive atmosphere at your Nowruz gathering:

  • Send out invitations early so that your guests have plenty of time to RSVP.
  • Prepare a delicious meal that includes traditional Nowruz dishes.
  • Set up a comfortable and inviting space for your guests to relax and enjoy themselves.
  • Play traditional Nowruz music in the background to create a festive atmosphere.

Final Thoughts

Celebrating Nowruz at home is a wonderful way to connect with your Persian heritage and share the joy of the new year with your loved ones. By incorporating traditional rituals, decorations, and cuisine into your celebration, you can create a meaningful and memorable experience that will leave a lasting impression.


What is the significance of the Haft Sin display?

The Haft Sin display is a traditional centerpiece of the Nowruz table. It consists of seven items that all start with the Persian letter “sin.” These items symbolize different aspects of life, such as health, wealth, and love.

What are some popular Nowruz dishes?

Some popular Nowruz dishes include Sabzi Polo Mahi (herbed rice with fish), kuku sabzi (herb frittata), and reshteh polo (noodle pilaf). These dishes are often served with a side of mast-o-khiar (yogurt and cucumber dip).

How can I adapt traditional Nowruz games for home celebrations?

Many traditional Nowruz games can be easily adapted for home celebrations. For example, you can play a simplified version of Chahar Shanbeh Suri by jumping over a small bonfire in your backyard. You can also play Haft Sang, a dice game where players try to roll a seven, by using a regular dice and a piece of paper.