How is Nowruz Celebrated in Different Countries?

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is an ancient festival that marks the beginning of spring and the renewal of life. Celebrated for over 3,000 years, it is a time for families and communities to come together, reflect on the past year, and welcome the new with joy and optimism.

Nowruz is observed in many countries across the world, each with its own unique traditions and customs. From the symbolic Haft-Seen table setting in Iran to the traditional horse riding game of Buzkashi in Afghanistan, the festival’s diverse celebrations reflect the rich cultural heritage of the regions where it is observed.

Overview of Nowruz Celebrations

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a vibrant festival celebrated by millions worldwide. Its roots lie in ancient Zoroastrian traditions, marking the arrival of spring and the renewal of life. Nowruz symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness, representing hope, joy, and the promise of a fresh start.

Celebrated on the first day of spring, the exact date of Nowruz varies slightly each year due to astronomical calculations. It typically falls between March 20th and 21st, coinciding with the spring equinox. The festival’s rituals and customs have been passed down through generations, with variations in different countries reflecting the diverse cultural influences.

Historical Significance

Nowruz has its origins in ancient Persia, where it was celebrated as the day of the “New Day” or “New Light.” Zoroastrianism, the dominant religion of the time, considered Nowruz a sacred occasion, symbolizing the victory of Ahura Mazda, the god of light, over Ahriman, the god of darkness. The festival was a time for reflection, purification, and renewal, and it was believed that the actions taken on Nowruz would set the tone for the entire year.

Cultural Significance

Nowruz has deep cultural significance for the people of Iran and other countries that observe it. It is a time for families and communities to come together, celebrate their shared heritage, and welcome the new year with hope and optimism. The festival is also a time for introspection and renewal, as people reflect on the past year and set goals for the future.

Celebrations in Iran

Nowruz celebrations in Iran are a vibrant tapestry of ancient customs and rituals, steeped in the country’s rich cultural heritage. From the symbolic Haft-Seen table setting to the lively music and dance, the festivities encapsulate the spirit of renewal and rejuvenation associated with the new year.


A central element of Nowruz in Iran is the Haft-Seen, a symbolic table setting that represents seven essential elements of life and prosperity. The table is adorned with seven items that start with the Persian letter “Seen”:

  • Sabzeh (sprouts): Symbolizes rebirth and growth.
  • Samanu (wheat pudding): Represents fertility and abundance.
  • Senjed (jujube fruit): Stands for love and wisdom.
  • Sir (garlic): Signifies protection against evil.
  • Sib (apple): Represents beauty and health.
  • Somāq (sumac): Symbolizes the sunrise and vitality.
  • Serkeh (vinegar): Represents patience and age.

Music, Dance, and Storytelling

Music and dance play an integral role in Nowruz celebrations in Iran. Traditional Iranian instruments such as the tar, setar, and daf are often played, accompanied by rhythmic dances that reflect the country’s diverse cultural influences. Storytelling is also a beloved tradition during Nowruz, with families and friends gathering to share tales of ancient heroes, mythical creatures, and the adventures of Rostam, the legendary Persian hero.

Celebrations in Afghanistan

Nowruz in Afghanistan is celebrated with great enthusiasm and is known as the New Year’s Day. It marks the beginning of spring and the arrival of a new year. The celebrations usually last for two weeks and are filled with joy and festivities. Traditional Afghan dishes such as sabzi chalaw, a rice dish with herbs, and Haft Mewa, a mix of seven dried fruits, are prepared during this time. People visit each other’s homes, exchange gifts, and participate in various games and sports.


One of the most famous and exciting traditions of Nowruz in Afghanistan is Buzkashi, a traditional Afghan horse riding game. It is a competitive game where riders on horseback try to capture a headless goat or calf carcass and carry it around a marked track. The game is played with great passion and skill, and it requires a high level of horsemanship and strength. Buzkashi is not only a sport but also a symbol of Afghan culture and tradition.

Celebrations in Azerbaijan

How is Nowruz celebrated in different countries terbaru

Nowruz in Azerbaijan is a time of great celebration, marked by distinctive traditions and cultural practices. The festival holds immense importance in Azerbaijani culture, symbolizing the arrival of spring and the renewal of life.

Fire Rituals

One of the most distinctive features of Nowruz in Azerbaijan is the prominent role of fire in the festivities. Bonfires, known as “tonqal,” are lit throughout the country, representing the triumph of light over darkness. People gather around these fires, jumping over them for purification and good luck.

Traditional Delicacies

During Nowruz, Azerbaijani families prepare an array of traditional dishes to mark the occasion. One of the most popular dishes is “plov,” a flavorful rice dish cooked with lamb, vegetables, and dried fruits. Other delicacies include “gutab,” a crescent-shaped pastry filled with herbs and meat, and “shakarbura,” a sweet pastry filled with nuts and spices.

Celebrations in Turkey

Nowruz is widely celebrated in Turkey, known as Nevruz. The festivities include traditional customs, fire festivals, and cultural performances.

Nevruz Alevi

Nevruz Alevi is a traditional fire festival held on the eve of Nowruz. It symbolizes the purification and renewal associated with the spring equinox. Bonfires are lit in public squares and people gather around them, singing, dancing, and jumping over the flames. The fire is believed to cleanse and bring good luck for the coming year.

Music and Dance

Music and dance play a significant role in Nevruz celebrations in Turkey. Traditional folk songs and dances are performed, reflecting the cultural heritage of the region. Instruments such as the davul (drum) and zurna (oboe) are commonly used, creating a lively and energetic atmosphere.

Celebrations in Central Asia

Nowruz festivities in Central Asian nations share many similarities, reflecting the region’s shared cultural heritage. Traditional customs include the “Khorovod” circle dance, where participants hold hands and move in a clockwise direction. Other common practices involve the preparation of traditional dishes such as “Sumalak,” a sweet wheat pudding, and “Kazy,” a sausage made from horse meat.

Games and Rituals

Nowruz celebrations in Central Asia are characterized by various traditional games and rituals. One popular game is “Kok-boru,” an equestrian sport where teams of horsemen compete to seize a goat carcass and carry it across a goal line. Another ritual is “Jylan Bash,” where a large fire is lit to symbolize the cleansing of the old year and the welcoming of the new.

Cultural Unity

Nowruz holds great significance in Central Asia, fostering cultural unity and strengthening bonds among the region’s diverse communities. The festival serves as a reminder of the shared history, traditions, and aspirations of the Central Asian peoples, promoting harmony and cooperation.

Modern Adaptations and Variations

How is Nowruz celebrated in different countries terbaru

Over the centuries, Nowruz celebrations have undergone significant transformations, reflecting the evolving cultural landscapes of the regions where it is observed. The advent of globalization and technology has played a pivotal role in shaping these adaptations.

Influence of Globalization and Technology

Globalization has fostered cross-cultural exchanges, leading to the adoption of new traditions and customs into Nowruz celebrations. For instance, in Western countries with large Iranian diasporas, the festival has incorporated elements of Western culture, such as decorating Christmas trees with Haft-Seen items or hosting Nowruz parties with live music and performances.

Technology has also revolutionized the way Nowruz is celebrated. Social media platforms have become virtual gathering places where people share photos, videos, and messages of well wishes. Video conferencing tools have enabled families and friends living far apart to connect and celebrate together in real-time.

Innovative Celebrations

The following are some examples of innovative ways in which Nowruz is celebrated in different parts of the world:

– Virtual Haft-Seen: In recent years, online versions of the Haft-Seen table have emerged, allowing people to create and share digital versions of the traditional spread.
– Nowruz-themed Exhibitions: Museums and cultural centers around the world host exhibitions showcasing Nowruz traditions, art, and history.
– Community Gatherings: In major cities with diverse populations, community organizations host Nowruz festivals that bring together people from different cultural backgrounds to celebrate the festival.
– Educational Programs: Schools and universities offer educational programs about Nowruz, promoting its cultural significance and encouraging cross-cultural understanding.

These modern adaptations and variations demonstrate the enduring vitality of Nowruz and its ability to adapt to changing times while preserving its core traditions.


Nowruz is a vibrant and joyous festival that brings people together to celebrate the arrival of spring and the promise of new beginnings. Whether it is celebrated in Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Central Asia, or beyond, the spirit of Nowruz remains the same: a time for renewal, hope, and the celebration of life.


When is Nowruz celebrated?

Nowruz is celebrated on the first day of spring, which falls on March 20 or 21 each year.

What is the significance of the Haft-Seen table setting?

The Haft-Seen table setting is a traditional Iranian Nowruz display that includes seven items that start with the Persian letter ‘seen’. These items symbolize different aspects of life, such as growth, prosperity, and health.

What is Buzkashi?

Buzkashi is a traditional Afghan horse riding game played during Nowruz. It involves riders competing to capture a goat carcass and carry it around a playing field.

How is Nowruz celebrated in Central Asia?

Nowruz is celebrated in Central Asian countries with a variety of traditions and customs. Common elements include bonfires, traditional music and dance, and the preparation of special dishes.